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第460期
(2021/10/25出刊)
記者學者小說家 獲頒諾獎

  Journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia won the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize on Oct. 8th for their fight for freedom of expression. Ressa in 2012 co-founded Rappler, a news website that has focused critical attention on President Rodrigo Duterte's “controversial, murderous anti-drug campaign” in the Philippines. Dmitry Muratov co-founded Novaya Gazeta in 1993. It is one of the few remaining newspapers in Russia to be highly critical of the ruling elite, particularly President Vladimir Putin.
  The 2021 Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded to U.K.-based Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, whose experience of crossing continents and cultures has nurtured his novels about the impact of migration on individuals and societies.
  U.S.-based economist David Card won the Nobel Prize in economics for pioneering research that transformed widely held ideas about the labor force, showing how an increase in the minimum wage doesn’t hinder hiring and immigrants don’t lower pay for native-born workers. Joshua Angrist and Guido Imbens shared the award for developing ways to study these types of societal issues.

 菲律賓記者芮薩和俄國記者穆拉托夫十月八日榮獲諾貝爾和平獎,兩人捍衛言論自由的努力深受肯定。芮薩在二○一二年共同創辦新聞網站 Rappler,聚焦於批判關注菲國總統杜特蒂「極具爭議的謀殺性掃毒行動」。穆拉托夫則是在一九九三年共同創辦《新報》,這家報社是俄國境內少數僅存高度批判執政精英的報紙,尤其是總統普丁。
 二○二一年文學獎則是頒給旅居英國的坦尚尼亞作家古納,他跨洲逃難和跨文化的親身經歷,滋養他撰寫關於移民個人和社會衝擊的小說。
 旅居美國的學者卡德贏得諾貝爾經濟學獎 ,他的先驅性研究顯示,提高最低工資不會導致就業下降,移民也不會使本地出生的勞工收入減少,改變一般觀念。安格里斯特和因本斯也因為提出研究這類社會議題的方法而共同獲獎。