After 41 years of birth restrictions, China said on May 31st it will allow all couples to have three children instead of two as the society is aging rapidly.
China, the world’s most populous nation, is facing a worrying demographic trend. The latest census showed it has seen its slowest rate of growth since imposing a strict one-child-per-family policy in the 1980s.
Experts said the new rule will not make a difference in persuading the country’s couples to have more kids. In fact, Chinese leaders eased the limit in 2015, but the birth rate has continued its steady decline. A number of social and economic challenges can explain this, including the huge cost of living, a lack of decent housing, and people focusing more on maintaining their careers than starting families.