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第440期
(2021/06/10出刊)
救人口 中國開放生三胎

 After 41 years of birth restrictions, China said on May 31st it will allow all couples to have three children instead of two as the society is aging rapidly.
 China, the world’s most populous nation, is facing a worrying demographic trend. The latest census showed it has seen its slowest rate of growth since imposing a strict one-child-per-family policy in the 1980s.
 Experts said the new rule will not make a difference in persuading the country’s couples to have more kids. In fact, Chinese leaders eased the limit in 2015, but the birth rate has continued its steady decline. A number of social and economic challenges can explain this, including the huge cost of living, a lack of decent housing, and people focusing more on maintaining their careers than starting families.

 經過四十一年的生育限制,中國在五月三十一日表示將放寬限制,所有夫婦可生三個孩子,而不是只能兩個,因為社會正在迅速老化。
 中國是世界上人口最多的國家,卻正面臨令人擔憂的人口趨勢。最新人口普查數字顯示,自從一九八○年代實施嚴格的一胎化政策以來,人口平均成長率寫下最慢速度。
 專家認為,放寬生子限制後,情況不會有太大變化。其實,中國領導人在二○一五年就放寬了生育限制,但出生率持續穩定下降。諸多社會和經濟挑戰可解釋這個現象:包括生活物價高、缺乏像樣的住房、大家更專注於拚事業而不是組建家庭。