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第420期
(2021/01/07出刊)
龐貝城挖出熱食餐廳
雞鴨壁畫當菜單

 A complete fast-food shop at the ancient Italian city of Pompeii has been excavated. The discovery helps reveal dishes that were popular for citizens of the city who archaeologists say enjoyed eating out. Pictures of it were released on December 26th 2020 by the Pompeii Press Office. The shop, with its bright frescoes and earthenware jars is to open to the public this year.
 Pompeii was destroyed in 79 A.D. by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The site is one of Italy’s most popular tourist attractions. Around a third of the ancient city has not yet been uncovered and finds from the site continue to emerge.
 The paintings on the counter are believed to have served as a menu. A fresco depicting two ducks and a rooster shows chicken and duck may have been available to customers. Traces of pork, fish, snails and beef were also discovered in jars and other containers. The findings offer insights into ancient eating habits.“This is an extraordinary find […] it’s the first time we are excavating an entire thermopolium,” said an expert.

義大利龐貝古城挖出一間完整的速食餐廳,揭露當時有哪些熱門的平民飲食。考古學家表示,當時的市井小民喜歡在外用餐。龐貝新聞辦公室在去年十二月二十六日公布餐廳遺跡的照片。這個有亮麗壁畫與陶罐的餐廳,今年將對外公開展示。
 龐貝城在西元七十九年被維蘇威火山爆發的熔岩吞噬,現今成為義大利最受歡迎的觀光景點之一。古城內的考古發現陸續出土,仍有約三分之一的區域待考古學家挖掘。
 餐廳櫃檯的壁畫就像是菜單,其中一幅壁畫有兩隻鴨與一隻公雞,可能是用來告訴顧客,餐廳供應雞肉與鴨肉。在陶罐與其他容器內,也發現了豬肉、魚肉、蝸牛、牛肉等殘骸。這些考古發現,透露了古代的飲食習慣。專家表示,「這是一個驚人的發現……這是我們第一次挖出完整的熱食餐廳。」