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第419期
(2020/12/31出刊)
新冠疫情拉警報
英國南非病毒變種 全球戒備

 A new strain of the coronavirus has been found in Britain and South Africa, which seems to infect more easily than others. However, no evidence shows it is more deadly. A growing list of nations have barred air and land travel from the U.K.
 The new variant was identified in September. By the end of December, it caused over 60 percent of infections in London. To complicate the matter, a second new variant first discovered in South Africa has been detected in the U.K., too. As a precaution, travelers are not allowed to enter the nation from South Africa. The new surge in coronavirus cases prompted Johnson’s government to impose tighter lockdown restrictions in London and south-east England.
 A deal has been struck to reopen the border with France, but only to those with a negative COVID-19 test. The change was made to avoid supply chain disruptions during the Christmas holiday.
 Will the current vaccines protect people against the new strain? Some experts are confident the vaccines will be effective while others say further studies are required.

 英國和南非日前發現新冠病毒的新變種,這個變種病毒的傳染力似乎更強,但沒有證據顯示它更致命。全球愈來愈多國家已頒布禁令,禁止和英國之間的空中與陸上交通。
 英國的新變種病毒早在九月就被發現了,十二月底時,倫敦已有超過百分之六十的確診病例是被這種病毒感染。雪上加霜的是,最早發現於南非的第二種變種病毒也現身英國了。英國祭出防疫措施,禁止來自南非的旅客入境。由於病例暴增,強生政府在倫敦與英格蘭東南部實施更嚴格的封鎖措施。
 英法達成協議,重開兩國邊界,但只有檢測報告是陰性反應的人才能入境。重開邊界是為了避免供應鏈在耶誕假期期間中斷。
 目前的疫苗能否保護民眾不受新病毒株感染?有些專家對疫苗仍很有信心,但有些專家認為,還需要進一步的研究才能判定。